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Archivos de cardiología de México

versión On-line ISSN 1665-1731versión impresa ISSN 1405-9940

Resumen

MEDEIROS-DOMINGO, Argelia. Genetic of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia: basic concepts. Arch. Cardiol. Méx. [online]. 2009, vol.79, suppl.2, pp.13-17. ISSN 1665-1731.

Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a cardiac channelopathy characterized by altered intracellular calcium handling resulting in ventricular arrhythmias and high risk of cardiac sudden death in young cases with normal structural hearts. Patients presents with exertional syncope and the trademark dysrhythmia is polymorphic and/or bidirectional ventricular tachycardia during exercise or adrenergic stimulation. Early detection of CPVT is crucial because opportune medical intervention prevents sudden cardiac death. Mutations in the ryanodine receptor (RYR2) explain nearly 70% of the CPVT cases and cause the autosomic dominant form of the disease. Mutations in calsequestrin 2 causes a recessive form and explain less than 5% of all cases. Genetic screening in CPVT, besides providing early detection of asymptomatic carriers at risk, has provided important insights in the mechanism underlying the disease. Mutational analysis of RYR2 has been a challenge due to the large size of the gene, 105 exons encoded for 4 967 amino-acids. In this review we analyze general concepts of the disease, differential diagnosis and strategies for genetic screening.

Palabras llave : Ryanodine receptor; Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia; Sudden death; Ion channels; Syncope; Calsequestrin 2.

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