Archivos de cardiología de México
versión impresa ISSN 1405-9940
ALVA, Carlos et al. Anomalous origin of the Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery. Echocardiographic diagnosis. Arch. Cardiol. Méx. [online]. 2009, vol.79, n.4, pp. 274-278. ISSN 1405-9940.
The experience with echocardiographic diagnosis of five cases of Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA) is reviewed. Material and Methods. all cases with a diagnosis of ALCAPA during a 10 year period were included. Results. two age groups were clearly identified: infants and older patients. In the former, the echocardiographic findings included a dilated left ventricle with low ejection fraction (19% and 26%), mitral regurgitation, dilated right coronary artery and difficulties in identifying the origin of the left coronary artery. An 11-year-old asymptomatic boy, a 17-year-old young woman with dyspnea on effort and a 55-year-old woman with angina formed the older group. In these three cases, an abnormal upward flow was detected within the ventricular septum related to the collaterals and the inverse flow of the anterior descending artery. A reverse flow within the origin of the left coronary artery, probably related to an origin in the pulmonary artery, was observed. In all five cases the diagnosis was corroborated using selective right coronary artery angiography. Conclusions: In the infants, the dilated left ventricle with impaired systolic function, mitral regurgitation and dilated right coronary artery make it necessary to discard the ALCAPA diagnosis. In the older group, even in asymptomatic patients, an abnormal ascending flow within the ventricular septum, combined with a dilated coronary artery, was the most reliable echocardiographic evidence for a diagnosis of ALCAPA.
Palabras llave : ALCAPA; Pulmonary artery; Congenital anomalies; Coronary arteries; Echocardiography; Mexico.