Archivos de cardiología de México
Print version ISSN 1405-9940
CALDERON-COLMENERO, Juan et al. Fontan operation: factors influencing early and late outcomes. Arch. Cardiol. Méx. [online]. 2005, vol.75, n.4, pp. 425-434. ISSN 1405-9940.
The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the outcome of patients who underwent a Fontan procedure at National Heart Institute "Ignacio Chavez", Mexico, from January 1989 to December 2003. We had 81 patients with a mean age of 7 years old: 53 with tricuspid atresia, 14 with pulmonary atresia and intact septum, 11 with univentricular atrioventricular connection and 3 with Ebstein's anomaly. An intra-atrial tunnel was performed on 61 patients and an extracardiac conduit on the rest. Of all, 53 underwent a fenestration. The surgical mortality was 13% fortricuspid atresia and 25% for the other diseases. We had an overall mortality of 28.4%, being the main causes cardiogenic shock and arrhythmia. The global survival was 71% in 55 months of following. Takedown was indicated on 5 patients. The patients without fenestration showed to have 2.8 times more risk of death. The mean pulmonary artery pressure > 20 mm Hg plus the left atrium pressure > 10 mmHg increased the death risk 3.6 times. Of the 52% who required readmission, the main causes were hemodynamical failure and infections. The more relevant complications were: arrhythmia (38%), protein-losing enteropathy (8%) and thrombotic cerebral events (1.4%).
Keywords : Congenital heart disease; Fontan's surgery; Tricuspid atresia.