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La ventana. Revista de estudios de género

versión impresa ISSN 1405-9436

Resumen

GALINDO VILCHIS, Luz María. Los roles de género en la distribución de trabajo en familias homosexuales y en familias homoparentales de hombres en la Ciudad de México. La ventana [online]. 2018, vol.6, n.48, pp.48-91. ISSN 1405-9436.

Most of the studies on families have been carried out from a hegemonic model of two-parent families made up of a male who is the breadwinner, a woman-wife in charge of domestic work and children. In this model there are rules and norms that demand to follow the guidelines in their relationships and in their life. For this reason, in several research areas such as Demography, Sociology and Psychology there is a lack of recognition of same-sex families, for example in statistical systems. One can only be aware of this by an express desire to declare themselves as a couple or family, which may exclude many cases in which couples prefer to hide it or simply conform to the scheme imposed to them without questioning it.

In general, in Latin America, Europe, Asia, the United States, and specifically in Mexico, there is little comprehensive research on families where quantitative and qualitative studies related to different types of extended and single-parent families are considered, and even less those related to homosexual families and homoparental families.

In countries like ours, the social scientific research in this area is very recent and so much remains to be explored. This document considers families as the ones formed by couples of same-sex without children (homosexual families) and with children (homoparental families) and its purpose is to identify if there are cultural patterns of gender in the distribution of work in the daily life in some of the families mentioned in Mexico City taking into consideration the age, schooling and income of those who participated. So, the first thing to consider is the importance of the time management in order to understand how the workload distribution can be measured.

Then the complexity of the definition of the family is shown, explaining why the families of this study in Mexico City were chosen, showing also the importance of age, schooling and economic income variables in gender roles. Subsequently, the phases of the methodology and the main results are explained which show that, in these families, there is a distribution of work mainly depending on schooling and income. It is therefore possible to conclude that among these families there are gender roles.

Palabras llave : homosexual; homoparental; families; work distribution.

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