SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 issue37Violent Groups in Central America: the Institutionalization of ViolenceSoil Glyphs from Early Colonial Acolhua Códices: a Re-Analysis of their Significance author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO



On-line version ISSN 1405-9274Print version ISSN 1607-050X


MOLINA JIMENEZ, Iván. Literacy and School Coverage in Latin America: The First Costa Rican Educational Expansion (1750-1830). Desacatos [online]. 2011, n.37, pp.125-144. ISSN 1405-9274.

This article argues that from 1750 to 1830 Costa Rica experienced the first expansion of the school system encouraged by the Borbonic Reforms, the Constitution of Cadiz (1812) and the new political order after independence from Spain (1821). Literacy mainly expanded between small and medium producers male children from urban and rural settings. However, starting in the 1830's, Costa Rica experienced a decline in literacy product of three processes. First, the colonization of new land separated the immigrants from existing educative infrastructure. Secondly, the gap created by the lack of investment in education and its relation with demographic growth. Thirdly, the reduction of the amount of municipalities created on an expanding country (municipalities were in charge of the administration of elementary schools).

Keywords : education; literacy; Bourbon Reforms; Cadiz Constitution; Costa Rica.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License