Economía, sociedad y territorio
Print version ISSN 1405-8421
GARCIA-SALAZAR, José Alberto; SKAGGS, Rhonda K. and CRAWFORD, Terry L.. Evaluation of the effects of Programa de Apoyos Directos al Campo (Procampo) on the market of maize in Mexico, 2005-2007. Econ. soc. territ [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.36, pp.487-512. ISSN 1405-8421.
The Program of Countryside Funding (Programa de Apoyos al Campo, Procampo) is a direct funding to the income of producers that started in 1993. Maize is the cultivation which has obtained the most resources from Procampo. The results of a spatial and inter-temporal equilibrium model indicate that in the absence of Procampo, the yearly production and consumption would have been 18.7 and 28.8 million tons in the 2005-2007 period. The benefits were higher than the costs of the program, and an increment of 50% in subsidy would increase maize production in 1.6 million metric tons and would decrease imports in 20.7%. From the positive effects of the Program, its continuation is recommended, as well as the increment of the funding.
Keywords : maize; Procampo; producer and consumer surplus; importations; spatial and inter-temporary equilibrium model.