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Ingeniería, investigación y tecnología

versão impressa ISSN 1405-7743

Resumo

GRANADOS-HERNANDEZ, Elías et al. Energy Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Petroleum Refining Sector in Mexico from 2015 to 2030. Ing. invest. y tecnol. [online]. 2015, vol.16, n.4, pp.503-513. ISSN 1405-7743.

The increase in the volume of production of petroleum products of high demand, such as gasoline, rises the use of energy and therefore emissions of CO2 in oil refineries. In Mexico, for example, gasoline demand scenario for the next 20 years growth will increase the fuel consumption by almost 55%, considering a historical trend in traffic. The purpose of this study as to determine the impact of energy consumption per unit of processing oil and CO2 emissions using the methodology of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as well as employing the stoichiometric calculation based on the carbon content. Different projections were made using four technological options of oil refining, processing three types of pure raw (Olmeca, Istmo, Maya) and four blends (M1, M2, M3, M4). When performing an energy balance results show that projecting very complex refineries to meet a specific demand for gasoline will consume less energy and therefore CO2 emissions will be lower. This study is important as a tool for energy planning and environmental pollution in Mexico, as well as an object of analysis of the energy sector worldwide.

Palavras-chave : refining projections; energy consumption; carbon dioxide emissions; refinery type; process units; crude oil types.

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