Ingeniería, investigación y tecnología
versión impresa ISSN 1405-7743
VILLEDA-MUNOZ, G et al. Clay-Brick Firing in a High-Temperature Solar Furnace. Ing. invest. y tecnol. [online]. 2011, vol.12, n.4, pp.395-408. ISSN 1405-7743.
The firing process for clay-brick production in traditional kilns generates atmospheric pollution when industrial and domestic scrap is used as fuel. An alternative is presented here, using the solar energy for clay-brick firing. We are developing a system for clay-brick firing to reach temperatures between 900°C and 1050°C; these temperatures are sufficiently high to fire bricks or similar ceramic products. The present paper describes the design and characterization of the components of a solar furnace for clay-brick firing with inner chamber dimensions of 0.48 × 0.61 × 0.64 m. To convey the sunlight to the firing chamber, a heliostat with nine 1 × 1 m mirrors is used to send the rays of the sun to an off-axis parabolic concentrator that focuses the light on the entrance of the firing chamber. The heliostat has a solar-tracking system which makes primary and secondary adjustments to assure that the reflected solar radiation always arrives at the concentrator. The firing chamber contains a prismatic cavity that absorbs the solar radiation to generate the heat which is needed for baking the bricks inside the firing chamber.
Palabras llave : atmospheric pollution; clay-brick firing; fossil fuels; heliostat; high-temperature solar furnace; solar energy.