Ingeniería, investigación y tecnología
versión impresa ISSN 1405-7743
RAMIREZ-DIAZ, E.I.; ORTIZ-PRADO, A.; SCHOUWENAARS-FRANSSENS, R. y RUIZ-CERVANTES, O.. Mechanical Modelling of Cancellous Bone from their Microstructure. Ing. invest. y tecnol. [online]. 2010, vol.11, n.2, pp. 199-216. ISSN 1405-7743.
In this paper is established a spongy bone bidimensional models methodology for its analysis by finite element software. The models are focused to represent the bone trabecular structure by Voronoi cells, using the coordinates of the porous center, contained within the bone structure, obtained by optical microscope images. Looking for a better geometrical similarity, it was assigned a thicker transversal area in the trabecula union zone, because has been reported that this factor gives a better approximation to experimental results. To feed the finite element models, compression test has been done to trabecular specimens, taking the maximum strain and maximum stress, to obtain the elastic modulus. By means of strained specimen images analysis, it has been established the structure collapse moment. It was when the 36% of total trabeculae failed. Finally it was obtained a tissue Young modulus of 323 [MPa] and with this value, the resistance variation in function of density and trabecular architecture.
Palabras llave : Bone mechanical modeling; voronoi structures; bone mechanical characterization; trabecular bone.