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Papeles de población

versão On-line ISSN 2448-7147versão impressa ISSN 1405-7425

Resumo

GONZALEZ-RAMOS, Ana María. New orientation of human resources policies in Science and Technology (S&T): from brain drain to brain circulation and talent recruitment policies. Pap. poblac [online]. 2014, vol.20, n.82, pp.113-135. ISSN 2448-7147.

This study focuses on analysing human resource mobility policies in Science and Technology (S & T). The analysis of mobility programmes provides information about the fast changes occurring within the Spanish S & T system, particularly with regard to the flow of human resources. Since the late 1990s, human resource policies have been aimed at reversing brain drain and strengthening the internationalisation of S & T activities. Policies have evolved greatly, now oriented toward actively stopping brain drain and encouraging brain circulation and, perhaps most importantly, recruiting talent. This article's methodology is based on analysing the scientific policies and opinions of the key players involved in those programmes. Empirical evidence indicates that despite these changes, human resource policies have appeared through random initiatives rather than careful plans enacted by governmental agencies. This practice increases the risk of brain drain, as talented young people must seek gainful employment elsewhere due the current economic crisis.

Palavras-chave : Mobility programmes; human resources in S & T policy; highly skilled personnel; international flows.

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