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Papeles de población

versão On-line ISSN 2448-7147versão impressa ISSN 1405-7425


VERDUZCO, Gustavo. Economic interaction and Mexican workforce in North America. Pap. poblac [online]. 2006, vol.12, n.48, pp.51-75. ISSN 2448-7147.

This article analyzes the migratory phenomenon from Mexico to the United States. It is demonstrated that the Mexicans have supplied functionally the American work market almost uninterruptedly for the last 120 years, whether undermining or adapting to the migratory policies of the United States. Also it is observed the role the social, economic and demographic characteristics in Mexico have played in this process. The results lead to the need of complementing the reach of these processes with an institutional arrangement as the one followed in the formation of the European Union, since after 10 years of the instauration of the North America Free Trade Agreement, the possible advantages of this treaty have not been seen in a wider and shared welfare for the Mexican population in general, despite the fact that the data show a wider interaction process, in fact it exceeds the very limits of the NAFTA, although without formal acknowledgment.

Palavras-chave : labor market; international migration; North America Free Trade Agreement; Mexico; the United States.

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