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Papeles de población

versión On-line ISSN 2448-7147versión impresa ISSN 1405-7425


MAIER, Elizabeth. Mujeres indígenas, migración y ambiente. Pap. poblac [online]. 2001, vol.7, n.29, pp.161-192. ISSN 2448-7147.

The present article examines the relationship between women and the environment from the perspective of gender. The article is based on a case study, which exemplifies the interaction between environment and poor rural women, indigenous agricultural laborers, and permanent migrants from Oaxaca to Baja California. Conditions of work and life are analyzed in the degraded, semi-desert ecosystem of agro-industrial exploitation in the Valle de Maneadero, Baja California, based on a methodological theory which identifies the fields in which women are constituted as environmental subjects, such as the following: a) the demographic/ populational; b) the use of natural resources; c) the management of domestic wastes, and d) contact with toxic substances (in this case, agro-industrial). The laboratory of observation and analysis is situated in a semi-rural community in one of the most dynamic agro-industrial zones of the state of Baja California, on the frontier strip in the extreme northwest of the Republic, which for more than 100 years has marked the asymmetric international boundary between state-side California and Mexican (Lower) California.

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