Revista mexicana de investigación educativa
Print version ISSN 1405-6666
GRANJA CASTRO, Josefina. Scholastic Language of Inequality on the Threshold of the "First Wave of Expansion" of Mandatory Education: Mexico in the Second Half of the 20th Century. RMIE [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.48, pp.17-42. ISSN 1405-6666.
This article analyzes the ways schooling produced mechanisms of student differentiation and semantics to refer to forms of internal inequality generated as a function of diverse school trajectories. A perspective of historical analysis is adopted to center on conceptual categories: achievement gap, grade repetition, academic failure, and student attrition, from the 1920s, with the Torres Quintero Report, to the 1960s, with the Eleven Year Plan. The categories' development during the period is shown, and the statement is made that as a governance practice, the Eleven Year Plan systematized ways of understanding and modeling students' trajectories, as well as regulating and managing the schooling of the following decades.
Keywords : school trajectory; achievement gap; academic failure; student attrition; conceptual change; Mexico.