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Revista mexicana de investigación educativa

versión impresa ISSN 1405-6666


YOUNG, Kevin. Progreso, patria y héroes: Una crítica del currículo de historia en México. RMIE [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.45, pp.599-620. ISSN 1405-6666.

This study presents a discursive analysis of history textbooks, especially those used in elementary school. The results indicate that these textbooks focus on national "heroes", minimize inequalities and conflicts of interest in society, and portray the government as a supreme, benevolent father who cares for all citizens. History is presented as a linear progression, reflecting a strong "ideology of progress" that occults the crimes and corruption of government officials, business leaders, and other members of the dominant class, as well as the contributions and histories of the lower classes. In addition, almost all discussion of recent history is omitted-history that is fundamental for understanding the present. While many analysts, theorists, and activists have made such criticism in general form, this article presents a specific analysis that attempts to serve teachers and students directly.

Palabras llave : curriculum; history; textbooks; nationalism; role of government.

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