Computación y Sistemas
versão impressa ISSN 1405-5546
Face recognition systems can normally attain good accuracy when they are provided with a large set of training examples. However, when a large training set is not available, their performance is commonly poor. In this work we describe a method for face recognition that achieves good results when only a very small training set is available (one image per person). The method is based on augmenting the original training set with previously unlabeled data (that is, face images for which the identity of the person is not known). Initially, we apply the well-known eigenfaces technique to reduce the dimensionality of the image space, then we perform an iterative process, classifying all the unlabeled data with an ensemble of classifiers built from the current training set, and appending to the training set the previously unlabeled examples that are believed to be correctly classified with a high confidence level, according to the ensemble. We experimented with ensembles based on the k-nearest neighbors, feed forward artificial neural networks and locally weighted linear regression learning algorithms. Our experimental results show that using unlabeled data improves the accuracy in all cases. The best accuracy, 92.07%, was obtained with locally weighted linear regression using 30 eigenfaces and appending 3 examples of every class in each iteration. In contrast, using only labeled data, an accuracy of only 34.81% was obtained.