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Polibotánica

versão impressa ISSN 1405-2768

Resumo

JUAREZ-PEREZ, J.C.  e  CABRERA-LUNA, J.A.. Plants to treat respiratory ailments that are commercialized in three markets in Queretaro City. Polibotánica [online]. 2019, n.47, pp.167-178. ISSN 1405-2768.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18387/polibotanica.47.12.

In 2017 respiratory infections were the main morbility cause in Mexico Queretaro State, and in 2014 respiratory infections and chronic respiratory illnesses were the fifth and sixth cause of death for Queretaro State. We conducted an ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used to treat respiratory ailments and collecting information from 13 medicinal plants vendors in three marked in Santiago of Queretaro City. Our results showed 38 species that are commercialized and used to treat 11 respiratory ailments, being cough the ailment treated by the largest number of species (21/55.2%). Lamiaceae was the family that recorded the largest number of genera and species. 56% (20) of the species are indigenous to Mexico. Branches with leaves and flowers are used from eight species (21%), tea or infusion was the preparation method of the majority of species (33/86.8%) and drinking the infusion as the way of consumption of the majority of species (36/94.7%). 15.7% (6) showed a high Use Value Index. We confirmed that markets are an important source of traditional knowledge and part of that knowledge is deeply rooted in medicinal plants vendors.

Palavras-chave : chronic respiratory illnesses; acute respiratory illnesses; Use Value Index; yerberos; ethnobotanics.

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