SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 issue35In vitro germination and induction of callus in Rubus adenotrichus SchltdlAntibacterial activity evaluation of hexanic extracts of edible palm inflorescenses of Tabasco's mountains, Mexico author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO



Print version ISSN 1405-2768


AMADOR-ALFEREZ, Karina Alejandra; DIAZ-GONZALEZ, Josefina; LOZA-CORNEJO, Sofía  and  BIVIAN-CASTRO, Egla Yareth. Effect of plant growth regulators on seed germination and seedling development of two Ferocactus species (Cactaceae). Polibotánica [online]. 2013, n.35, pp.109-131. ISSN 1405-2768.

The effect of the addition of three plant growth regulators (PGRs) on the germinative response of seeds and seedlings development in Ferocactus histrix and F. latispinus (Cactaceae) was evaluated. Lots of seeds were germinated with the addition of different concentrations (125, 250, 500 ppm) of indole acetic acid (IAA), naftalen acetic acid (NAA) and gibberellic acid (GA3); seeds not treated with PGRs were also sown in distilled water as controls. The percentage of seed germinated (% G), velocity index of germination (IVG), regression coefficients and quantitative morphological characters of initial growth seedlings were recorded each third day during 30 days of laboratory trials. The results showed significant differences (Tukey, P < 0.05) between PGRs treatments and the control, and a negative effect of PGRs on the %G and seedling growth. The highest percentages of germination (55-75%) were observed for both species with control treatment. At concentration of125 ppm, IAA promoted 51% of germination in F. latispinus at ninth day. 62% of germination for F. histrix was registered at sixth day with NAA (250 ppm) treatment, and the least germination percentage (< 40%) was observed in both species with the GA3 treatments (125 and 250 ppm), respectively. It was concluded that PGRs addition did not significantly increase germination (%G and germination speed) over untreated seeds in these two Ferocactus species. Also, PGRs treatments not contribute to enhance the growth since the higher and vigorous seed-lings in both species were obtained with the control treatment.

Keywords : plant growth regulators; Ferocactus histrix; Ferocactus latispinus; Cactaceae; germination.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License