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América Latina en la historia económica

versión On-line ISSN 2007-3496versión impresa ISSN 1405-2253


CAMPA, Juan I.. Patents and Technological Development in Mexico: A comparative study between the Era of Protectionist Industrialization and the Regime of Openness. Am. Lat. Hist. Econ [online]. 2018, vol.25, n.3, pp.223-257. ISSN 2007-3496.

Abstract. The present work characterizes and evaluates the behavior of patenting activity in Mexico during the industrial protectionist regime of 1940 to 1970 and the economic liberalization regime between 1995 and 2015. In order to carry out a contrasting analysis between periods patent data are grouped by technological sectors according to the International Patent Classification (IPC), which allows for consistent analyzes in a temporal or spatial manner. The comparison of the evolution and structures of patenting between periods suggests, in the aggregation area exposed, a continuity in the direction of the propensity to patent both resident and non-resident holders in the determined technological fields. This shows that the technological development of the country has maintained the same pattern during both economic regimes.

Palabras llave : innovation; technological development; intellectual property; propensity to patent.

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