América Latina en la historia económica
versión On-line ISSN 2007-3496
ROBLES ORTIZ, Claudio. La producción agropecuaria chilena en la "Era del Salitre" (1880-1930). Am. Lat. Hist. Econ [online]. 2009, n.32, pp.111-134. ISSN 2007-3496.
Using a variety of new statistical data series for the most important crops, this article analyzes the performance of the agricultural sector during the so-called Nitrate Era (1880-1930), a period of rapid economic expansion and modernization in Chile. The paper shows that throughout that period, and especially after the turn of the nineteenth century, the agricultural production and the real value of the output increased in the most important crops as well as in the livestock sector. In addition, there took place important improvements in land productivity, which reflected the impact of technological changes, such as biological innovations. In short, contrary to conventional accounts that popularized the notion of "agricultural stagnation," this work demonstrates that Nitrate Era agriculture was a far more dynamic sector than generally supposed.
Palabras llave : Agriculture; Chile; Nitrate Era; Agricultural Production; Land Productivity.