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América Latina en la historia económica

versión On-line ISSN 2007-3496versión impresa ISSN 1405-2253

Resumen

ODDONE, Gabriel  y  CAL, Ivanna. El largo declive de Uruguay durante el siglo XX. Am. Lat. Hist. Econ [online]. 2008, n.30, pp.5-65. ISSN 2007-3496.

Uruguay experienced a steady economic decline during the 20th. century characterized by three main facts: 1) compared growth is poor; 2) economic fluctuations are comparatively deep, and 3) at least during the second half of the century, the growth of economy is more due to the intensification of the use of production factors rather than greater efficiency in the way these were used. As a consequence, towards the end of the century, the inhabitants in Uruguay were relatively less wealthy than they were one hundred years before. The article includes a convergence exercise showing that the economic performance of Uruguay during the 20th century does not converge with its relevant world; a comparison of cyclical economic fluctuations of Uruguayan economy; and an exercise of growth accounting identifying the contributions of growth factors to the Uruguayan growth.

Palabras llave : compared growth; cyclical economic fluctuations; convergence; growth accounting.

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