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On-line version ISSN 2448-5799Print version ISSN 1405-1435


CIARAMITARO, Fernando. Politics and Religion: Jesuit Martyrdom and Monarchical Symbolization of the Marianas. Convergencia [online]. 2018, vol.25, n.78, pp.195-225. ISSN 2448-5799.

In 1690, an allegorical image of Joseph Mulder published in Seville exalts Queen Mariana of Austria as a protector of Christianity in Mariana Islands. In the Pacific archipelago, the Society of Jesus, supported directly by the ex-regent, and in parallel with the difficult pacification of the territory, carried out an arduous work of evangelization of the indigenous people in which, from the imperial Catholic perspectives, the continuous martyrdoms unfold ideologically as titles of legitimation. Through an iconographic repertoire, it is emphasized how the ideological tonic of torture in the Marianas is not an exception in the apostolic panorama of the Indies, because an evident interference of the religious branch in the political management of the occupation is revealed. However, the missionary intervention is extremely weak in the modalities of penetration of the Catholic message and in the relationship between the preachers and the evangelized.

Keywords : Mariana Islands; Jesuits; Mariana of Austria; Martyr Symbolization; Conquest.

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