Print version ISSN 1405-1435
TOVAR MENDOZA, Jesús. Condicionantes políticos que impiden la reelección de legisladores en México. Convergencia [online]. 2010, vol.17, n.52, pp. 187-206. ISSN 1405-1435.
The present article makes a historical account of the coming to force of the immediate reelection ban of federal and state legislators as of 1933, stated in the articles 59 and 116 of the Political Constitution of Mexico, as well as the successive attempts to modify this norm thus far. Then, the argumentations in favor and against the consecutive reelection of congressmen are analyzed. Finally, I explain the reasons why this ban is still valid in spite there is not a hegemonic party and in practice the presidential powers have noticeably diminished, and on the contrary the Mexican political system is characterized by being a highly competitive multiparty democracy.
Keywords : Legislative reelection; National Revolutionary Party; Hegemonic Party; Proportional Representation; Legislative Power; Party Institutionalization; Legislative Discipline.