versión impresa ISSN 1405-1435
There is a persistent concern in Mexico on guiding the role that the countryside should play in the future of national development, considering its present difficulties in backwardness and stagnation. A vision of how to move this process is present in the new Law on Sustainable Rural Development (Ley de Desarrollo Rural Sustentable), which suggests an approach to development from the territory as a subject of action and new processes are recognized as rural routes to rebuild the fabric of rural life. However, there is still the need to express this law in an operational policy that actually includes realizable alternatives to reverse the depopulation of the countryside caused by marginalization and massive migration in the face of the need for peasant's survival. In this case, the proposal should lead to its greater possible scope the territorial approach to rural development and operational strategy. Therefore, what we are proposing in this paper is to raise some points that may be strategic in defining a rural policy for the country, from territorial approach and regional development, taking into account the dimensions of economic and social fragmentation which generate the abandonment of the countryside, but also as a new scale of opportunities that entails the presence of rural activities increasingly diverse and complex which could be translated into the new rural development policy that we endeavor for as a way to reduce social imbalances in the country.
Palabras llave : rural policy; rural development; territory; region.