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Madera y bosques

versão On-line ISSN 2448-7597versão impressa ISSN 1405-0471


PEQUENO-LEDEZMA, Miguel Angel et al. Structural analysis of two Tamaulipan thornscrub areas in northeastern Mexico. Madera bosques [online]. 2017, vol.23, n.1, pp.121-132. ISSN 2448-7597.

The composition, structure and biological diversity in two areas in the Tamaulipan thornscrub of Northeast Mexico were evaluated (hill and plain) to asses the main differences or similarities. The lower height thornscrub is located on hillocks, where the soil is shallow, stony and the availability of water in the area is limited to the rainy season in the region, while the greater height thornscrub is located in an area of deep soil and has an intermittent water flow which appears in rainy seasons and forms a temporary body of water. To evaluate tree and shrub vegetation, three sampling plots of 40 m x 40 m where delimited in each area for the purpose of calculating the importance value index, diversity (alpha and beta) and the Soresen similarity index. A total of 17 species, 11 families and 15 genera were registered. The most abundant family was Fabaceae with 7 spp. The greater high thornscrub area showed 14 species, while the lower height thornscrub showed 7 species only. The evaluated communities have low similarity (19%). Through this investigation it is concluded that the two types of thornscrub present in the study area show significant differences between them in density, canopy area, species richness and diversity. Likewise it is concluded that 4 species of all 17 present are shared in both study areas.

Palavras-chave : abundance; dominance; frequency; IVI; hill; Sorensen; plain.

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