SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.34 número4Tumores carcinoides gastrointestinales, experiencia en Médica Sur: Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors, experience in ''Médica Sur''Modelo biológico no vivo para la enseñanza de la técnica de venodisección en alumnos de pregrado de la carrera de medicina índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • No hay artículos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Cirujano general

versión impresa ISSN 1405-0099

Resumen

ARELLANO PEREZ, Carlos et al. Prevalence and risk factors for cholelithiasis in patients under 18 years of age at a second level health care hospital. Cir. gen [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.4, pp.267-270. ISSN 1405-0099.

Objective: To observe the prevalence of gallbladder lithiasis and risk factors in patients under 18 years in a second level health care hospital. Setting: General Hospital of Matamoros ''Dr. Alfredo Pumarejo Lafaurie'', Tamaulipas. Mexico. Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study. Statistical analysis: Percentages as summary measure for qualitative variables. Patients and methods: We reviewed 706 clinical files of patients with choledocholithiasis diagnosed between January 2003 and December 2008. Studied variables were: age below 18 years, sex, familial antecedents of gallbladder lithiasis, hemolytic diseases, use of hormones, pregnancies, body mass index, predominating symptom, length of in-hospital stay, and histopathological study of the gallbladder. Results: We identified 26 cases with an average age of 12.8 years; all were women, 16 patients (61.5%) with antecedents of pregnancy. Only one patient had a normal weight, seven patients were overweight, eight patients coursed with obesity grade I, six with grade II, and four with grade III. All (100%) had antecedents of maternal gallbladder lithiasis. Conclusion: Prevalence of choledocholithiasis in patients under 18 years of age was of 3.6%. Associated risk factors for patients below 18 years of age are similar to those encountered over 18 years of age.

Palabras llave : Gallbladder lithiasis; pediatrics; cholelithiasis; children.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons