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Cirujano general

versão impressa ISSN 1405-0099


ROESCH-DIETLEN, Federico et al. New paradigms in the management of appendicitis. Cir. gen [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.2, pp.143-149. ISSN 1405-0099.

Objective: To analyze and compare the results obtained with the diverse surgical techniques currently in use and the conservative management of appendicitis. Setting: Institute of Medical Biological Research and School of Medicine of the University of Veracruz, Mexico. Design: Review of the literature. Material and methods: We performed a bibliographical review of the main scientific articles published in the last 6 years, as well as of the databases contained in the EBSCOhost, Cochrane and UpToDate electronic libraries. We analyze and present critical literature on the management of complicated and non-complicated appendicitis by means of conventional surgery, laparoscopic surgery, NOTES® surgery, one-port surgery, medical handling and/or conservative management, published between 1996 and 2012. Results: Conventional appendicectomy has been for many years the gold standard for its management. In 1982, the laparoscopic approach was introduced and has shown to be as safe and efficient as conventional surgery; later on, in 2004, the natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES®) was introduced, and surgery through only one port was introduced in 2007. Recently, reports on the conservative management with interval surgery have been published, which avoids a large number of unnecessary intervention with morbidity and mortality comparable to that of patients subjected to emergency surgery. Conclusions: Appendicectomy remains the gold standard for the management of acute appendicitis; however, alternatives have arisen for a different management to that of the traditional surgical criterion, which have demonstrated to be useful and have allowed diminishing unnecessary surgeries, without increasing morbidity and mortality.

Palavras-chave : Appendicitis; surgical treatment; conservative management.

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