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vol.34 número2Sensibilidad y especificidad de la escala de Alvarado en el diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda comparada con TAC o ultrasonido en las primeras 24 horas de evolución índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Cirujano general

versão impressa ISSN 1405-0099

Resumo

REYES-GARCIA, Nallely et al. Diagnostic accuracy of the RIPASA Score for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis: comparative analysis with the modified Alvarado Score. Cir. gen [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.2, pp.101-106. ISSN 1405-0099.

Objective: To assess comparatively the Modified Alvarado and the RIPASA scores, to know their usefulness in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in a third level health care hospital. Setting: General Hospital of Mexico. Design: Prospective, cross-sectional, comparative, and observational study. Statistical analysis: Central Tendency Measures, analyses for diagnostic tests (specificity, sensitivity, predictive values, likelihood ratio) and ROC curve. Patients and methods: According to the established sample size, we studied 70 patients that were admitted at the Emergency Ward of the General Hospital of Mexico, with abdominal pain syndrome suggestive of acute appendicitis. Laboratory and imaging studies were performed. The modified Alvarado and RIPASA scores were applied simultaneously. Clinical, surgical, and histopathological findings were recorded. Results: The Alvarado score presented a sensitivity of 89.5% and a specificity of 69.2%, whereas RIPASA presented a sensitivity of 91.2% and specificity of 84.6%. The area under the ROC curve for the RIPASA score was 0.93, higher than that of the Alvarado with 0.89. If surgical decision had been based on the Alvarado score, negative appendicectomies would have been encountered in 18.3% of patients, and with RIPASA they would have diminished to 15.7%. Conclusions: Both scores presented a good sensitivity for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. RIPASA presented better specificity and predictive values, with a lower likelihood of negative appendicectomies. The RIPASA score had a better diagnostic accuracy than the Alvarado score.

Palavras-chave : Acute appendicitis; modified Alvarado score; RIPASA score.

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