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Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas

versión On-line ISSN 2007-2902versión impresa ISSN 1026-8774

Resumen

ANTONIO GARCIA, Héctor Pedro; LINCE KLINGER, Federico; GIMENEZ, Mario Ernesto  y  RUIZ, Francisco. Geodynamics of the Lomas de Olmedo subbasin, northeastern Argentina, interpreted from a local compensation model and statistical analysis of gravimetric data. Rev. mex. cienc. geol [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.1, pp.49-58. ISSN 2007-2902.

The Lomas the Olmedo trough is located within the Chaco-Bonaerense plain. It has a southwest-northeast trend and is one of the depocenters of the cretaceous-paleogene basin (northwestern Argentina). This trough is a typical continental rift basin in the sense of "triple junction point".

The isostatic state of Lomas the Olmedo trough was evaluated through the Airy-Heiskanen's isostatic compensation model and the statistical analysis of the gravity anomalies.

The Airy-Heiskanen model was used to derive an hydrostatic Moho map of the study area. This hydrostatic Moho includes the root that compensates topography and the anti-root from Lomas the Olmedo trough, which hosts a thick sedimentary column of nearly 6 kilometers. Additionally, the local isostatic anomaly was calculated. It was made, affecting the Complete Bouguer anomaly by a geological correction or correction for sediment and then by the gravimetric effect of the hydrostatic Moho. An extensive negative isostatic anomaly covering most of Lomas the Olmedo trough was identified. According this compensation model for the depocenter, this anomaly may indicate that the depocenter is isostatically sub-compensated or that there is a deficit of anti-root. The sub-compensation state was also observed through statistical regressions between Complete Bouguer anomalies and topographic altitudes.

Palabras llave : gravimetry; isostasy; Lomas the Olmedo trough; Geodynamics.

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