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Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas

versión On-line ISSN 2007-2902versión impresa ISSN 1026-8774

Resumen

TOSCANO, Antonio et al. New remains of upper Miocene Scaldicetus (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Physeteridae), western sector of the Guadalquivir basin (southern Spain). Rev. mex. cienc. geol [online]. 2013, vol.30, n.2, pp.436-445. ISSN 2007-2902.

The Physeteridae family is one of the basal branches in odontocete cetaceans. At the present, it is only represented by three species belonging to the genusPhyseter andKogia, although it includes numerous extinctgenera as Scaldicetus. From a systematicpoint ofview, Scaldicetus is one of the most common and problematic group of the extinct subfamily Hoplocetinae during the Neogene. It is considered apolyphyletic genus and its taxonomic use has been relegated to the identification of isolated teeth. Two dental pieces identified as Scaldicetus found in two late Miocene units of the western sector of the Guadalquivir Basin (south of Spain) have been analyzed in this work. The sedimentological and palaeontological analysis of the facies indicates littoral to open marine environments with profuse potential preys forScaldicetus. The morphological characteristics and the heterogeneous palaeobiogeographic and ecological distribution of Scaldicetus denote that this taxon occupied an ecological niche similar to that of Orcinus orca at present. This paper constitutes the first systematic review of Odontocetes fossils in Southern Spain and contributes new data about the understanding of this controversial genus

Palabras llave : Cetacea; Odontoceti; Scaldicetus; Neogene; south of Spain.

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