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vol.29 número3Reconstrucción paleoambiental del Holoceno tardío de la reserva Los Petenes, Península de Yucatán, México índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas

versão On-line ISSN 2007-2902versão impressa ISSN 1026-8774


TORRES-RODRIGUEZ, Esperanza et al. Enviromental change and vegetation responses during the last 17,000 years in central Mexico: The lake Zirahuén record. Rev. mex. cienc. geol [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.3, pp.764-778. ISSN 2007-2902.

A 6.61-m-long sediment core (ZIR03-I) from the northern shore of Zirahuén lake (Michoacán, Mexico) represents the last 17 kyr with a hiatus between 12.1 and 7.16 kyr. Changes in plant communities and their relationship with the environment are documented with pollen analysis. Magnetic susceptibility, total organic and inorganic carbon analyses (TOC and TIC) and charcoal particles are used as proxies to infer paleohydrologic conditions in the basin and to document periods with abundant fire in the surroundings. The palynological record suggests slow change in local and regional vegetation during 17-12.1 kyr. Cool and dry conditions during 17-13.5 kyr are inferred from abundant Pinus forest and more subaquatic micro- and macrospores (Isoetes t-1). A change towards humid conditions at ca. 13.5 kyr is marked by increases in Alnus and Quercus and reduction in Isoetes t-1. Another period of higher moisture between 7.1 and 3.7 kyr is documented by an increase in mesophytic taxa. Canonical correspondence analysis demonstrated a relationship between charcoal particles and increases in magnetic susceptibility with terrestrial vegetation comprising herbaceous and disturbance elements. The increasing nutrients in the lacustrine system are recorded by the presence of Coelastrum and Staurastrum algae associated with eutrophic conditions. The trend of increasing humidity is reflected by higher TOC and increases in mesophytic vegetation. The presence of maize indicates the beginning of human activity at ca. 3.5 kyr around the basin. This is in agreement with the increasing abundance and diversity of herbaceous pollen.

Palavras-chave : fossil pollen; charcoal particles; organic carbon; inorganic carbon; paleoenvironment; Pleistocene; Holocene; Zirahuén lake; Mexico.

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