Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas
versión impresa ISSN 1026-8774
MOLINA-GARZA, Roberto S. y ORTEGA-RIVERA, Amabel. Chronostratigraphy and paleomagnetism of the Balsas Group in the Tuzantlán-Copalillo basin, northern Guerrero state, Mexico. Rev. mex. cienc. geol [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.2, pp. 215-232. ISSN 1026-8774.
The Cenozoic sedimentary fill of the Tuzantlán-Copalillo basin, in northeast Guerrero state, Mexico, is assigned to two distinct stratigraphic units. The first unit consists of a 200 m thick fining upward section that grades eastward from massive cobble and boulder conglomerate into interbedded coarse conglomeratic sandstone and mudstone. The sandstone and mudstone fades of this unit has been referred to as the Zacango beds, but together with the conglomeratic section to the west it is here assigned to the Balsas Group based on demonstrable correlation and lateral fades changes that link these strata. The second unit disconformably overlies the Balsas Group, and comprises a tuffaceous fluvio-lacustrine unit that has been mapped as the Oapan Formation. These strata are lithologically dissimilar to the formally defined Oapan Formation elsewhere in the Balsas river basin. We do not consider the fluvio-lacustrine tuffaceous unit part of the Balsas depositional cycle; we note, however, that including these strata in the Oapan Formation thus requires a re-definition of this unit. Volcanic rhyolitic rocks were emplaced near the end of the Balsas depositional event, and locally they are interbedded in the sequence. Mineral separates ofbiotite and sanidinefor one of these volcanic units produced concordant 4Ar/39Ar dates of ca. 33 Ma. We hypothesize that emplacement of volcanic rocks changed the depositional style in the basin by reducing stream gradient and closing drainages. Oapan strata were thus deposited under different conditions than the Balsas Group. Magnetostratigraphic sampling of a 130 m thick composite section from two localities, suggests that that the Balsas Group sequence in the Tuzantlán-Copalillo basin was deposited in the interval between chrons Cl In and C12r, between about 37 and 32Ma. The mean paleomagnetic direction for the Amacuzac river locality (D=340.8°, 1=34.3°; k=62.6, n=9, α95=6.6°) is slightly discordant, whilst at the Acapulco highway locality (D=3 51.0° 1=39.9°; k=70.4, n =9, α95=6.2°) the direction is concordant. The Amacuzac river result indicates a 13.2° ± 8° counterclockwise rotation with respect to the reference direction, and it is attributed to transpression in the region. However, the Balsas Group does not record rotations as high as those observed in Cretaceous and Paleocene rocks, which demonstrates that the process responsible for the rotations was waning by Early-Oligocene time.
Palabras llave : paleomagnetism; magnetostratigraphy; Cenozoic; Mexico; Guerrero.