Agricultura técnica en México
versión impresa ISSN 0568-2517
SANGERMAN-JARQUIN, Dora M. de J. et al. Study of case of the impact of the transference of technology in wheat of the INIFAP. Agric. Téc. Méx [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.1, pp. 25-37. ISSN 0568-2517.
The goal of this research was to identify the factors that favor or limit the use of bred wheat cultivars that have been developed by the breeding program of the National Research Institute for Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock (INIFAP). The study was conducted during 2006 in the Nanacamilpa county, Tlaxcala, Mexico, where wheat cultivation is an important component in the families' economy. The base information was a simple random sample consisting in the application of a questionnaire with open and close questions to 50 farmers. The most important results were: 1) the cultivars of great impact are Temporalera M8 7 and Romaga F96. In addition, Zacatecas VT74, Mexico M82, Batan F96, Náhuatl F2000 and Tlaxcala F2000, all developed by INIFAP, were also used, 2) 60% of the farmers knows that INIFAP produces wheat seeds of improved cultivars, 3) farmers whom had used seeds from INIFAP indicated that the use of improved cultivars is beneficial due to higher yields and superior seed quality and, 4) the main production problems identified in the cereal were: weeds, pests and diseases throughout crop development, 5) the generation of technology in their own community is an important factor in its transference and adoption.
Palabras llave : farmers; technology transference; cultivars; wheat.