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Problemas del desarrollo

Print version ISSN 0301-7036

Abstract

REIG LORENZI, Nicolás  and  PUCHET ANYUL, Martín. The roles of Uruguay and Mexico in economic integration, 1990-2016: MERCOSUR and NAFTA. Prob. Des [online]. 2019, vol.50, n.198, pp.57-85.  Epub Nov 16, 2019. ISSN 0301-7036.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/iiec.20078951e.2019.198.67471.

Using structural analysis techniques and methods, this paper analyzes the integration of Uruguay into MERCOSUR and the integration of Mexico into NAFTA during the period 1990-2016 and compares the two. This analysis is conducted in the context of the process of economic integration between the main economic blocs in the Americas. The evidence and results suggest a divergence between the trajectories of the blocs and those of smaller partners. MERCOSUR made no significant progress and remained only a loosely integrated bloc, while NAFTA fostered a deeper integration between its partners. In this context, the integration of junior partners such as Mexico and Uruguay into their respective agreements has been asymmetrical, and therefore their respective contributions have differed considerably. This is much more significant in the case of Mexico than in Uruguay.

Keywords : trade integration; MERCOSUR; NAFTA; economic asymmetries; structural analysis methods and techniques.

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