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vol.49 número195Nuevas tecnologías: ¿bipolarización de empleos e ingresos del trabajo?El efecto de la innovación en el desarrollo y crecimiento de México: una aproximación usando las patentes índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Problemas del desarrollo

versão impressa ISSN 0301-7036

Resumo

MINIAN, Isaac  e  MARTINEZ MONROY, Ángel. The Impact of New Technologies on Jobs in Mexico. Prob. Des [online]. 2018, vol.49, n.195, pp.27-53. ISSN 0301-7036.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/iiec.20078951e.2018.195.64001.

This study evaluates job vulnerability to the advent of new technologies. Using the Frey and Osborne (2013) method, the estimate is that 63% of all jobs and 64.5% of manufacturing jobs in Mexico are at risk of being automated, making the least skilled workers the most vulnerable. Only the technical feasibility of automation was taken into account in this estimate; estimating the number of jobs that would truly be displaced would require analyzing economic, political, and social factors. Historically, the main consequence of automation has consisted of major changes to the job structure and widespread unemployment. Market mechanisms and public policy have been able to offset the impact of technology shocks, so that even as technological change displaces workers, it also creates new jobs by furnishing investment opportunities.

Palavras-chave : Manufacturing jobs; technological change; investment; government policy.

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