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Revista de sanidad militar

Print version ISSN 0301-696X


LOPEZ-GARCIA, Berenice; AVALOS ANTONIO, Nilvia  and  DIAZ GOMEZ, Noé Belmar. Incidence of premature infants in the High Specialty Naval General Hospital 2015-2017. Rev. sanid. mil. [online]. 2018, vol.72, n.1, pp.19-23.  Epub Aug 20, 2019. ISSN 0301-696X.


Every year, approximately 15 million premature children are born; related complications are the main cause of death in children under five years. The rate of premature births ranges from 5 to 18% of newborns in different countries worldwide.


To determine the incidence of premature infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the High Specialty Naval General Hospital during 2015-2017.

Material and methods

A descriptive and retrospective study in which we analyzed the information on premature births in the High Specialty Naval General Hospital during 2015-2017, admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.


During the study period, there were 1,855 births, 383 were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, of which 37% were premature, with a higher frequency of male patients (55.9%) and late preterm (48.2%).


There is a high incidence of premature births, the approach must begin before birth, taking preventive measures to avoid preterm deliveries and in case it is inevitable, to adopt the necessary measures to reduce the mortality and complications of a premature child.

Keywords : Premature newborns; incidence; High Specialty Naval General Hospital.

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