versão impressa ISSN 0301-5092
LUNA BLASIO, Arturo; VALDEZ PEREZ, Ricardo; ROMANO PARDO, Marta e GALINDO MALDONADO, Francisco. Maintenance behaviour and cortisol levels in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncates) in closed and open facilities. Vet. Méx [online]. 2012, vol.43, n.2, pp. 103-112. ISSN 0301-5092.
Few studies have been published regarding the influence of the environment on the behaviour and welfare of captive dolphins and most of them have been in closed facilities. The aim of this study was to assess the time budget in fast and slow swimming, counter clockwise and clockwise swimming, as well as the state of rest in dolphins staying in closed and open facilities in daytime and evening hours. In addition, to give further information about the welfare state between dolphins in closed and open facilities, serum cortisol levels were compared. Six dolphins Tursiops truncatus in open facilities and four dolphins of the same species in closed facilities were used. There by, a focal sampling was used to obtain the data; 36 hours observing in open facilities and 48 in closed ones. Twenty blood samples were obtained from the ten dolphins in order to measure the serum cortisol, using radioimmunoassay. The locomotion bouts in swimming were higher in open facilities than in closed dolphinariums (P < 0.05); additionally, the outcome showed higher time in fast clockwise swimming (P < 0.05) with dolphins staying in open facilities, and more resting time (P < 0.05) in closed dolphinariums. There were no differences in the average level of cortisol between both facilities (P > 0.05). The outcome obtained in this study helped to know how dolphins face up captivity in two kinds of facilities, and so to improve care and management.
Palavras-chave : Tursiops truncatus; behaviour; cortisol; welfare.