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Veterinaria México

versión impresa ISSN 0301-5092

Resumen

CABRERA TORRES, Eduardo J. et al. Comparison of the mineral content in forage and soil of grazing areas in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Vet. Méx [online]. 2009, vol.40, n.2, pp.167-179. ISSN 0301-5092.

The objective of this study was to determine the amount of macro and micro minerals in forages growing in three areas of the state of Quintana Roo, north (N), center (C) and south (S) and the most important forage species that grow in those areas. One hundred and eight pasture samples and 68 soil samples were collected in 45 farm units. All minerals were analyzed with atomic absorption spectrometer, except P which was analyzed by colorimetric method. Variables were analyzed using GLM procedures and means were compared using Duncan Multiple Range Test. Forage species more frequently found were Brachiaria brizantha, 73.3%; Cynodon plectostachyus, 31.1%; Pennisetum purpureum, 31.1%; Panicum maximum var Tanzania, 26.6%; P. maximum var Mombasa, 15.5%; P. maximum var Guinea, 13.3%; Brachiaria mutica, 11.1%; and Brachiaria humidicola, 11.1%. Low Ca, P and Mg levels were found in both pastures and soil, where as K and Fe were extremely abundant. Specific deficiencies of Mn (N), Zn (C) and Cu (C and S) were also found. In conclusion, there are serious imbalances in the mineral content of forages that can be solved distributing mineral supplements to animals on pasture rich in Ca, P and Mg, and free of K and Fe, depending to the different state areas, Mn, Zn and Cu should be added.

Palabras clave : macrominerals; microminerals; ruminants; forage; tropics.

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