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Veterinaria México

versión impresa ISSN 0301-5092

Resumen

DE LUCAS TRON, José et al. Biological evaluation of two breeding systems of intensive production in the Columbia breed sheep. Vet. Méx [online]. 2009, vol.40, n.2, pp.105-122. ISSN 0301-5092.

The biological efficiency of two breeding systems for sheep in the Mexican high plateau was evaluated. A total of 300 adult and 60 replacement sheep of the Columbia breed were randomly distributed into two groups of 150 adults and 30 young ones (mean age to first birth of 18 months). Mates of 36 days with natural mount every eight months (March, November and July) were done in the first group (intensive system). In the second group (annual system), a 45-day mating was done starting on November every year. Marker males were introduced 15 days before mating in all cases, which were replaced on the first day of mating for stallions at a one male for every 20 female ratios. The physical condition of all females was evaluated every month. The animals grazed 8 to 9 hours in grasslands of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and Orchard (Dactylis glomerata) and Rye (Lolium perenne) grasses irrigated by aspersion. Only the sheep in the intensive system received supplement during lactation and re-mating. Breeding was achieved in both systems in all seasons. The mean fertility of the three breeding of the intensive system was 83.9%; while the mean fertility of the two annual breeding was 88.3% (P < 0.05). Prolificacy was 1.12 vs 1.32 (P < 0.05) for the intensive and annual breeding, respectively; mortality at weaning was 5.3% vs 6.4% (P < 0.05), weaning rate was 0.89 vs 1.09 (P < 0.05), the number of weaned lambs per ewe in two years was 2.5 vs 2.0 and lamb weight was 55.9 vs 44.4 kg (P < 0.05), respectively. Adult ewes were superior to the young ones in all the evaluated parameters, regardless of the kind of mating (P < 0.05). Results in this study allowed to compare the biological efficiency between an intensive breeding system every eight months and an annual breeding system. They also show the possibility of mating sheep of the Columbia breed in an intensive way.

Palabras clave : sheep; production systems; fertility; prolificacy intensive breeding; Columbia breed.

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