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Veterinaria México

Print version ISSN 0301-5092


GOIZ-MARQUEZ, Gabriela; CABALLERO CHACON, Sara; SOLIS ORTIZ, Hugo  and  SUMANO LOPEZ, Héctor. Canine epilepsy. Vet. Méx [online]. 2008, vol.39, n.3, pp.279-321. ISSN 0301-5092.

Idiopathic epilepsy (IE) and other convulsive disorders represent at least 14% of neurological consultations in veterinary medicine. In spite of this, there is a gap in the information usually handled by the small animal clinician, because the pathophysiological aspects of this disease are still not completely understood. Since there is no specific method for diagnosing IE, exclusion criteria are used to reach diagnosis. Although the electroencephalogram (EEG) can provide diagnostic elements, abnormalities in the EEG record are not always found. Pharmacologic treatment options are reduced and not void of ad verse effects. The possibility of encountering IE refractory to antiseizure pharmacological treatment is high and it has been concluded that non pharmacological treatment options should be explored through systematic clinical studies. Up to date, early diagnosis, appropriate pharmacological treatment, owners' education and a combination with non pharmacological options represent the only way to improve prognosis for dogs with IE.

Keywords : Idiopathic Epilepsy; Dog; Seizures; Review.

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