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Revista mexicana de ingeniería biomédica

versión On-line ISSN 2395-9126versión impresa ISSN 0188-9532

Resumen

MUNOZ-MIRANDA, L. A. et al. Brief description of Synthetic Biology and the importance of its relationship with other disciplines. Rev. mex. ing. bioméd [online]. 2019, vol.40, n.1, e201808EE1. ISSN 2395-9126.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17488/rmib.40.1.9.

Synthetic biology (SynBio) it is considered a very recent discipline. View as a tool serves to design or re-design biological systems, giving them improved qualities or new qualities. In the SynBio, the design of new biological systems requires very precise molecular tools, such as: a) bioinformatics, b) sequencing NGS (Next Generation Sequencing), assembly and synthesis of DNA c) and CRISPR- Cas9 genome editing. Within the SynBio there are other social profile disciplines which concerned to ethical, legal, philosophical, and economic, and for that reason it is considered a multidiscipline. The SynBio is promoting the development of new (emerging) technologies based on an engineering perspective. In SynBio, DNA is understood in a practical and abstract way as a series of parts that can be assembled in a certain order to obtain the desired products once the functionality of each part is known. The SynBio has given rise to a new conception of the economy worldwide and consequently the term Bioeconomy is already taken very seriously as a new discipline that will transform societies.

Palabras llave : Synthetic Biology; Genome editing; Bioeconomy.

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