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Perfiles latinoamericanos

Print version ISSN 0188-7653

Abstract

ORTIZ HERNANDEZ, Luis; AYALA GUZMAN, César Iván  and  PEREZ-SALGADO, Diana. Socioeconomic position, discrimination and skin color in Mexico. Perf. latinoam. [online]. 2018, vol.26, n.51, pp.215-239. ISSN 0188-7653.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18504/pl2651-009-2018.

This article documents the differences in socioeconomic position, discrimination experiences and self-perception according to skin color among Mexican adults, considering that the last is a proxy of the phenotype symbolically associated with geographic ancestry (i. e., African, indigenous, or European). The analysis is based on the premise that in Mexican society prevailing an ideology that associates European characteristics with positive traits (i. e., “white privilege”), while African and indigenous characteristics are negatively valued (which results in racist practices). To achieve the objective the National Survey on Discrimination in Mexico was analyzed. The results indicate that, with exceptions, whites have more access to education, better jobs, and higher wages; with less frequency experience discrimination and like their skin. As the skin is darker the opposite trend is verified.

Keywords : racism; white privilege; discrimination; indigenous; brown people; inequality; Mexico; skin color.

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