Print version ISSN 0188-7653
BURIANO, Ana. Statute of Limitations in Uruguay and the ethical-political essence of the left. Perf. latinoam. [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.38, pp.173-203. ISSN 0188-7653.
This paper compares parties and citizen behavior in the referendum and plebiscite of 1989 and 2009 in Uruguay, concerning the derogation or repeal of articles of the amnesty law, as well as the unfinished epilogue of this process. This will allow us to observe a change in the axis-force that drives citizens' initiatives in the matter. While in 1989 the Frente Amplio (FA) assumed and promoted the derogatory referendum, in 2009 the social organizations won the centrality of the scene. In that last year the negative position and subsequent support for the plebiscite campaign by the partisan left. Its virtual absence from the coalition generates doubts about the management of the demands concerning human rights and the ethical-doctrinal nature of the partisan left. Although in 2010 the FA tried to resume leadership, it was weakened by an internal dispute that resulted in contempt towards the legislative debate to neutralize the effects of the act. The civic, identity and perhaps political configuration of the XXI century Uruguay will depend on the resolution of this gap.
Keywords : Law Nullifying the State's Claim to Punish Certain Crimes; Uruguay; Frente Amplio; plebiscite; referendum; human rights; political parties; social movements.