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Perfiles latinoamericanos

Print version ISSN 0188-7653

Abstract

ZAMUDIO GONZALEZ, Laura. Collective Action Problems in Pacification Processes: Opportunism and Institutions. Perf. latinoam. [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.37, pp.51-71. ISSN 0188-7653.

This article introduces what might be considered as a different approach to discus pacifications of countries affected by intra-state conflicts. Using the case of the process of pacification in El Salvador (1992-1994), I introduce several categories stemming from the new institutionalism in order to understand the role of institutions designed to tackle opportunism. The argument is that asymmetries of information and high transactions costs are particularly acute in postwar periods. This situation creates the ideal conditions and incentives for political actors to act opportunistically, which might derive in severe negative affectations of the peace agreements already in place. This is when the introduction of "rules of the game" designed specifically to tackle opportunism become critical for the success of a pacifications effort.

Keywords : oportunistic behavior; institutional design; colective action; the role of local actors.

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