Revista internacional de contaminación ambiental
versión impresa ISSN 0188-4999
GONZALEZ ACOLT, Roberto y GONZALEZ GUILLEN, Manuel de Jesús. Effects of trade policy on natural resources and environment. Rev. Int. Contam. Ambient [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.2, pp. 151-163. ISSN 0188-4999.
This paper analyzes the consequences of trade liberalization in México for 2008, regarding the natural resources depletion costs (oil extraction, forestry resources, and groundwater use) and the environmental degradation costs (soil erosion, water, air and soil pollution) by means of a computable general equilibrium model. The results show that the trade liberalization consequences on economic activities were not homogeneous. This situation was due to the natural resources and environment uses in the economic activities. Oil extraction, Livestock farming and Manufactoring industry sectors had the greatest increases in the natural-resources depletion costs. Therefore, Livestock farming, Manufactoring industry, Electricity, gas and waterworks and Transportation, storage and communications sectors had the greatest increases in the environment degradation costs.
Palabras llave : computable general equilibrium model; social accounting matrix; natural resources depletion costs; environmental degradation costs.