Revista internacional de contaminación ambiental
Print version ISSN 0188-4999
COMPANIONI DAMAS, Eloy Yordad et al. Petroleum hydrocarbon assessment in the sediments of the Northeastern Havana littoral, Cuba. Rev. Int. Contam. Ambient [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.1, pp. 5-14. ISSN 0188-4999.
As a part of a geochemical study, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons were determined in surficial sediments, from a Cuban coastal zone located in the Northeastern Havana Littoral. Sediment samples were collected at 15 sites in this area, and then extracted and analyzed by gas chromatography with flame ionization and mass spectrometry detectors. Total concentration of both, aliphatic (AH) and aromatic (ArH) hydrocarbons, varied from 2.4 ± 0.2 to 105.1 ± 5.9 µg/g (dry weight) and from 1.1 ± 0.2 to 38.4 ± 7.6 µg/g (dry weight), respectively. The chromatography profile of AH was dominated by an unresolved complex mixture (UCM), and the presence of isoprenoid hydrocarbons, steranes and hopanes, indicated petroleum - related hydrocarbon inputs. The predominant concentration of phytoplanktonic molecular markers (pristane and nC17) in collected sediments, revealed the marine productivity in this sites. The anthropogenic contribution detected showed the impact of the petroleum exploration along this coastal area.
Keywords : petroleum hydrocarbons; coastal sediments; Havana; Cuba.