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Revista internacional de contaminación ambiental

versión impresa ISSN 0188-4999


SOLIS-OBA, Myrna; ALMENDARIZ, Javier  y  VINIEGRA-GONZALEZ, Gustavo. Biotechnological treatment for colorless denim and textil wastewater treatment with laccase and ABTS. Rev. Int. Contam. Ambient [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.1, pp. 5-11. ISSN 0188-4999.

The ABTS (2,2'-[3-etil benzotiazolin-6-sulphonic]acid)-Laccase system was applied for discoloration of both commercial denim fabric and a synthetic indigo solution. After treatment, the denim fabric looked like an aged one, although fibers did not exhibit any damage and the synthetic indigo solution was bleached. Additionally, an analysis of both the denim discoloration residual water and the synthetic indigo solution biodegradation, showed that in the two cases the residual water was easily biodegraded in either an aerobic or anaerobic mode, while the control indigo solution required 5 days to be biodegraded in an aerobic mode, and it became unaltered in anaerobic mode. The oxidized ABTS or the laccase could not bleach denim or the synthetic indigo solution in the same experimental conditions as when using the system ABTS-laccase. This is explained considering that, during this process, as when using the mediator recycles several times between the laccase and the indigo, in such way that in a 30 min period, one molecule of ABTS oxidized 800 indigo molecules; also, the observed discoloration rate was two orders of magnitude higher than the rates observed when either the oxidized mediator or the enzyme by itself were applied.

Palabras llave : denim; discoloration; ABTS; indigo; laccase enzyme; dye oxidation; recycling.

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