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Investigaciones geográficas

versión On-line ISSN 2448-7279versión impresa ISSN 0188-4611


NOVAES, André Reyes. Balloons go to War: Visual Culture and Movement of Instruments in the War of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay.Traducido porDavid Ramírez Palacios. Invest. Geog [online]. 2019, n.100, e60016.  Epub 27-Feb-2020. ISSN 2448-7279.

The War of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay (1864-1870) was the largest conflict between South American states during the nineteenth century and occupies a prominent place in Brazilian military historiography. During the war, instruments and techniques never used in the continent were introduced to improve territorial knowledge and allow armies’ displacements. On 26th June 1867 Brazilian army used a hot air balloon in combat for the first time. Taking the military use of balloons as a starting point, this article seeks to explore the way in which approaches focused on the circulation of artifacts can stimulate renewed dialogues between the history of science, the history of geography and the history of cartography. In the first section, I will detail the methodological approach proposed and explore the historiography of the war. Then, I will present the military use of hot air balloons in the Triple Alliance war against Paraguay. In the third section, I will focus on the circulation of new visualities about the war, considering both Brazilian and Paraguayan press. By focusing the research on the circulation and materiality of artifacts, this paper shows how the use of balloons contributed to the emergence of new visual cultures of the war, in which practices of observation, measurement and representation obtain a prominent place.

Palabras llave : Instruments; hot air balloons; visual cultura; maps; War of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay.

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