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Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.)

Print version ISSN 0188-4557


OCHOA NOGALES, Berenice; CAMARENA GOMEZ, Beatriz Olivia; VALENZUELA QUINTANAR, Ana Isabel  and  SILVEIRA GRAMONT, María Isabel. Socioeconomic and health conditions of children population groups residing in rural locations of Sonora, Mexico. Estud. soc [online]. 2018, vol.28, n.51. ISSN 0188-4557.

Objective: From the approach of Environmental Justice, this work compares the socioeconomic conditions that characterize social disadvantaged population groups, with an emphasis on children residents in rural locations located in the main agricultural regions of the state of Sonora, Mexico. Methodology: The study is quantitative, non-experimental, cross-relational and comparative. The information was obtained from a family socioeconomic questionnaire applied to women-mothers (n≤363) and a psychological test to children (n = 698). With the data of the first instrument, the Socioeconomic Conditions Index (ICSe) and the Health Conditions Index (ICSa) are elaborated. Results: The ISCe differs significantly by type of location (0.001); by indigenous origin (0.001); by agricultural area (0.04), from lowest to highest level in north <south <center. Conclusions: The socioeconomic and health conditions of the population that resides in rural localities are lower than, those of the control group (urban); the children population of indigenous origin presents conditions of greater vulnerability; of the rural group, the population that resides in the northern and central region has lower socioeconomic conditions. It is recommended to continue the study and implement social intervention programs that address such differences.

Keywords : regional development; socioeconomic conditions; health; rural population; children population; indigenous population.

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