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Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.)

versão impressa ISSN 0188-4557

Resumo

LAGUNAS-VAZQUES, Magdalena; ALMENDAREZ-HERNANDEZ, Marco Antonio; BELTRAN-MORALES, Luis Felipe  e  ORTEGA-RUBIO, Alfredo. Methodological proposal to measure local coastal sustainability in arid zones: Its application in the Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve. Estud. soc [online]. 2017, vol.27, n.50. ISSN 0188-4557.  https://doi.org/10.24836/es.v27i50.422.

The main objective of the present analysis was to use the paradigm of dryland development (DDP) as a methodological tool in the measurement of sustainability in a coastal case study in a desert ecosystem. The social and environmental information of the study area was obtained through specialized bibliographical reviews and field data collection, with the support of ethnographic, ethnoecological and participatory research tools. Methodology. The methodological proposal for the analysis of the sustainability of coastal management in the Northern Pacific Zone (ZPN), in the Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve in Southern Baja California (BCS) was based on the conceptual framework of the DDP. Results. In the results of the study, it is observed that more than 50% of the socioecological systems identified in the ZPN are located within the ranges of unsustainability and distant sustainability, that the sustainable proportion, approximately 20% in this ZPN system have to do with Social and very local processes. Limitations. From the experience with the implementation of the DDP we consider that one of the main limitations of its use is that it can only be useful to analyze sustainability processes in socioecological systems that comply with the elements that the paradigm of dryland development theory, such as Case of this marine-coastal management system of the ZPN. Conclusions. The present study is considered a novel contribution to the various sustainability measurement tools currently being used in the science of sustainability.

Palavras-chave : Regional development; socio-ecological systems; sustainability; Pacific Ocean Coastal Management; Dryland Development Paradigm.

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