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Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.)

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GUTIERREZ CARBAJAL, María Guadalupe  and  MAGANA MAGANA, Miguel Ángel. Migration and urban influence in food consumption in two Mayan communities of Yucatan. Estud. soc [online]. 2017, vol.27, n.50. ISSN 0188-4557.

The objective of this work was to analyze the main effects of migration and urban influence on the forms of acquisition and consumption of food products in two Mayan communities of Yucatan. The methodology was based on a survey by statistical sampling to heads of families following the procedure by clusters. In the results it was found that the percentage and motives of the migration were different. The type of food in the diet and its form of acquisition depend on the availability, physical access and economy of families. In addition, the milpa and backyard production systems influenced the composition of the usual diet. The main limitation is the lack of capacity of traditional agricultural systems to meet food needs, which is deepened by the gradual abandonment of primary production. It is concluded that migration, associated with urban influence, modified the family dynamics and the production of self-consumption, aspects that influenced the acquisition of food and diversity of the family diet.

Keywords : Regional development; milpa; backyard; market; agricultural; diet.

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